Use Case pattern and MVVM

Hi,
I ask myself about its necessary if I use useCase pattern with a MVVM architecture and repositories. Initially the viewModel comunicate with the repository directly.

So if I want to add a UseCase layer, the viewModel will communicate with the useCase and the useCase with repository.

Why useCase is a class, I could get the same result with protocol?
protocol AddUseCase
protocol FetchUseCase

The only reason I see to create a UseCase class is to add a validation logic (instead of it in the ViewModel) before continuing to repository.

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@jab2109 any suggestions?